Numerous laws intended to prevent discrimination on the basis of gender have been passed in India, yet the distorted female-to-male sex ratio seems to show worsening tendencies. In rural India, sex ration is higher at while in the urban areas there are only females per thousand male populations. Sex ratio is the number of women against 1, men, while child sex ratio is the number of girls against 1, boys in the age group of We then analyzed these data using t-tests, and calculated sex ratios. In Daman, it is the lowest at , and in Leh of Ladakh, it is The census was termed Socio-Economic Survey of and the results were published in the Gazetteer of Kerala,
Interviews were conducted with hospital staff physicians and nurses , women who had delivered at the hospital, accompanying family members, and village council members. Some facts related to the Sex Ratio in India follows, the main cause of the decline of the sex ration in India is due to the biased attitude which is meted out to the women. The Sex Ratio in India was almost normal during the phase of the years of independence, but thereafter it started showing gradual signs of decrease. The census was termed Socio-Economic Survey of and the results were published in the Gazetteer of Kerala, Sex ratio, defined as the ratio of one sex to another Last, is the statistic most often reported to describe this phenomenon. The dowry system casts daughters as a liability, a net loss or economic ruin of her family. About half of the villages in the country have sex ratio of total population above while only one third towns and Urban Agglomerations fall in this category. Only Kerala, Pondicherry and Lakshdweep have shown an increasing trend between Sex ratio is the number of women against 1, men, while child sex ratio is the number of girls against 1, boys in the age group of Chamarbagwala and Ranger noted regional variations across India, as well as other patterns. The problem is better understood, if one considers the fact that the child sex ratio is primarily influenced by sex ratio at birth and mortality in the early childhood. The major cause of the decrease of the female birth ratio in India is considered to be the violent treatments meted out to the girl child at the time of the birth. Gender discrimination manifesting as increased female mortality, female infanticide, and sex-selective abortion has received considerable attention in recent years. Child Sex ratio years Like the sex composition of the total population, the sex composition by age groups is vital for studying the demographic trends of young population, its future patterns and particularly, the status of the girl child. Spread across 28 states [a] and 7 union territories , the census covered districts, 5, sub-districts, 7, towns and more than , villages. Pondicherry and Kerala houses the maximum number of female while the regions of Daman and Diu and Haryana have the lowest density of female population. Numerous laws intended to prevent discrimination on the basis of gender have been passed over the years in India Basu, , yet the distorted female-to-male sex ratio seems to show worsening tendencies Jha et al. The census figures indicate an increase in sex ratio in 29 States and Union Territories, with women outnumbering men in Kerala. A total of 2. Only Kerala and Pondicherry have sex ratio in favor of females for all the areas, Manipur has preponderance of females in urban areas All interviews were audio-recorded, translated, and transcribed verbatim. In India, the estimated sex ratio for adults aged 25 to 54 in India was 0. This may be because if sons are born first, the couple may choose not to have any more children, whereas other couples continue having children until the desired number of sons is attained. Transcripts were coded and organized into categories with sub-codes by two independent coders. But the advantage of higher sex ratio at birth SRB is neutralized due to higher male infant mortality in the normal population.
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